Republic of Korea

Summary

  • Number of Flyway Network Sites: 12
  • Member since: 2006

South Korea has been a Partner since 2006 and to date houses 11 Flyway Network Sites, designated under the specifications set by EAAFP. South Korea’s importance for Key Species of EAAFP includes breeding habitat for Black-faced Spoonbill, Saunder’s Gull(only in Songdo, Incheon on the west coast) as well as staging for many other migrating waterbirds.

  • Incheon, in the Republic of Korea, hosted the Third Meeting of Partners, in November 2008. Read the report here.
  • Songdo, in the Republic of Korea, hosted the Fourth Meeting of Partners, in February 2010. Read the report here.

Map of 12 sites 

Flyway Network Sites

Site Information

 

EAAF SITECODE NAME OF SITE SITE INFORMATION SHEET YEAR SIS UPDATED VIEW IN GOOGLE EARTH
EAAF027 Cheorwon Basin   n/a View
EAAF028 Han River Estuary   n/a View
EAAF046 Cheonsu Bay SIS 2014 View
EAAF078 Gumi Haepyung wetland   n/a View
EAAF079 Suncheon Bay SIS 2016 View
EAAF095 Junam Reservoir SIS 2008* View
EAAF096 Upo Wetland SIS 2008* View
EAAF097 Nakdong Estuary SIS 2008* View
EAAF100 Geum River Estuary SIS 2010* View
EAAF101 Yubu-do Tidal Flat SIS 2011 View
EAAF107 Chilbaldo Islet SIS 2010* View
EAAF142 Hwaseong Wetlands SIS 2018 View

Site Information

Cheorwon Basin

Location: Cheorwon County, Gangwon Province (near DMZ)

Coordinates (lat, long): 38.25000, 127.21667

Area: 40 ha

Date of joining: 7 March 1997

Protection Status: Protected Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes

Important species:

Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Anser albifrons (Greater White-fronted Goose), Chen caerulescens (Snow Goose), Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane)

Han River Estuary

Location: Goyang City, Gyeonggi Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 37.68920, 126.68400

Area: 381 ha

Date of joining: 1997 March 07

Status: Natural Monument

Other listings: Ramsar, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Shorebirds, Anatidae, Cranes

Important species
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit), Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit), Tringa nebularia (Common Greenshank), Calidris alpina (Dunlin), Calidris tenuirostris (Great Knot), Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover), Charadrius mongolus (Lesser Sand Plover), Calidris ruficollis (Red-necked Stint), Tringa guttifer (Spotted Greenshank), Xenus cinereus (Terek Sandpiper), Numenius phaeopus (Whimbrel), Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Anser albifrons (Greater White-fronted Goose), Aythya ferina (Common Pochard), Mergus merganser (Goosander), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane)

Cheonsu Bay

Location: Chungcheongnam Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 36.66667, 126.40000

Area: 15,409 ha

Date of joining: 14 May 1999

Protection status: Fisheries Resources Protection Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Shorebirds, Anatidae

Important species:

Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit), Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit), Tringa nebularia (Common Greenshank), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Numenius phaeopus (Whimbrel), Anas formosa (Baikal Teal), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Ciconia boyciana (Oriental White Stork), Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill), Platalea minor (Black-faced Spoonbill)

Cheonsu Bay Flyway Site [EAAF046] covers an area of 15,409ha (comprising two areas: A 9,626ha and B 5,783ha) and includes the Haemi River, Ganwol lake, Bunam Lake, 10,121ha of rice paddies as well as sand dunes, reed beds and willow forest. Cheonsu Bay supports up to 7,150,000 birds (320 species in date), including migrating populations of threatened Baikal Teal and Bean Goose, as well as rare and endangered species: Oriental White Stork, Hooded Crane, Eurasian Spoonbill and Black-faced Spoonbill, etc. In addition to waterbirds the site is home to Leopard Cat, Water Deer, Raccoon, etc. The site is under the jurisdiction and management of Seosan City (Environmental Ecology Division). Cheonsu Bay also houses Seosan Birdland visitors center, the local economy is supported by Eco-tourism, including the Opening Bird festival and rice farming. Reclamation of the mudflats in Cheonsu Bay had been underway from 1975 to around 1995. Threats to current hydrology comes from management and dredging of the waterways.

Gumi Haepyung wetland

Location: Kyungsangbuk Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 36.16667, 128.38333

Area: 760.0 ha

Date of joining: 2004 September 21

Status: Wildlife Reserve Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Cranes

Important species

Grus vipio (White-naped Crane), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane)

Suncheon Bay

Location: Chollanam Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 34.83333, 127.41667

Area: 28,140 ha

Date of joining: 21 September 2004

Protection status: Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes, Shorebirds

Important species:
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit), Tringa nebularia (Common Greenshank), Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew), Heteroscelus brevipes (Grey-tailed Tattler), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Tringa guttifer (Spotted Greenshank), Xenus cinereus (Terek Sandpiper), Numenius phaeopus (Whimbrel), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill), Cygnus cygnus (whooper Swan), Cygnus columbianus (Tundra Swan), Grus grus (Common Crane), Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher), Numenius madagascariensis (Far Eastern Curlew), Saundersilarus saundersi (Saunders’s Gull), Falco tinnunculus (Common Kestrel), Calidris alpina (Dunlin), Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck), Larus ridibundus (Black-headed Gull), Antigone vipio (White-naped Crane)

Flickr Gallery: http://www.flickr.com/photos/eaafp/sets/72157627283092659/

Junam Reservoir

Location: Gyeongnam Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 35.18000, 128.41000

Area: 602 ha

Date of joining: 12 September 2008

Protection status: Protected Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species:

Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Anas falcata (Falcated Teal), Anas formosa (Baikal Teal), Anser cygnoides (Swan Goose), Aythya baeri (Baer’s Pochard), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane), Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane), Ciconia ciconia (White Stork), Platalea minor (Black-faced Spoonbill)

Junam Reservoir Flyway Site [EAAF095] is also a Ramsar site. It is 600ha big and contains Junam, Dongpan and Sannam Reservoirs. The three reservoirs have shallow (under 2 m) water, and contain many fish and aquatic plant species. The reservoirs give home to large numbers of wintering waterbirds. White-naped Crane, Swan Goose, Baikal Teal and Falcated Teal occur here in internationally important numbers. Also the site is important to many breeding birds: in the summer, more than 200 species breed here.

Additional resources:

Upo Wetland

Location: Gyeongnam Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 35.18000, 128.41000

Area: 854 ha

Date of joining: 12 September 2008

Protection status: Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species:
Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Anas falcata (Falcated Teal), Anas formosa (Baikal Teal), Anser cygnoides (Swan Goose), Aythya baeri (Baer’s Pochard), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane), Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane), Ciconia ciconia (White Stork), Platalea minor (Black-faced Spoonbill)

Upo Wetland [EAAF096] is located east of the Nakdong River and is made up of four smaller wetlands (Upo, Mokpo, Sajipo, and Jjokjibeol). It covers about 850ha and a bit over the quarter of the site (230 ha) is permanent surface water of a large oxbow lake. The rest is marshland. This site is under the jurisdiction and management of Changnyeong County. It has Upo Ecology Centre which gives us information about the importance of the wetland.

This wetland supports over 20,000 waterbirds in the winter winter (Tundra Bean GooseFalcated Teal and Hooded Crane). In the summer, the wetland provides food to many breeding birds too. It has several Endangered (Black-faced Spoonbill) and Vulnerable (Oriental Stork and Baikal Teal) species of migratory waterbirds.

Nakdong Estuary

Location: Busan Metropolitan City

Coordinates (lat, long): 35.106141, 128.947787

Area: 8849 ha

Date of joining: 1 May 2009

Protection status: Natural Monument Protection Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Shorebirds, Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species:

Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Numenius arquata (Curlew), Xenus cinereus (Terek Sandpiper), Heteroscelus brevipes (Gray-tailed Tattler), Calidris alba (Sanderling), Calidris pygmaea (Spoon-billed Sandpiper), Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swan), Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose), Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck), Anas falcata (Falcated Teal), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Aythya ferina (Pochard), Bucephala clangula (Goldeneye), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Ciconia boyciana (White Stork), Platalea minor (Black-faced Spoonbill), Haliaeetus albicilla (White-tailed Sea Eagle), Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller’s Sea Eagle), Aquila heliaca (Imperial Eagle), Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon), Locustella pleskei (Pleske’s Grasshopper Warbler), Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant), Egretta eulophotes (Chinese Egret), Larus argentatus (Herring Gull), Saundersilarus saundersi (Saunders’ Gull), Larus relictus (Relict Gull), Sterna albifrons (Little Tern)

Nakdong Estuary [EAAF097] is located at the southern part of the Korean peninsula. About 8,800ha of thick earth and sandy soil is stretching towards the Nakdong river. This site is under the jurisdiction and management of Busan Metropolitan City. Nakdong Estuary Eco Center provides ecological education and information about the wetland to local residents and students.

Nakdong Estuary is an important stopover site and destination for migratory birds, such as Saunders’s Gull, White-naped Crane and Hooded Crane. It is suitable as a wintering site for winter visitors and a breeding site for summer residents. Therefore, This site is a world class treasure place for migratory birds because it has all three elements of feeding conditions, geographical conditions and climatic conditions. The site has been protected as a migratory bird sanctuary by being designated as a cultural assets protection area.

Additional resources:

  • Flickr Album for photographs of Nakdong Estuary
  • Site Information Sheet for technical details on the nomination of the site
  • KMZ files for Google Earth
  • Posts related to Nakdong River Estuary :

-The Miyeongji Road Bridge: Ongoing Issue and Test Case for Impacts of Roads on Wetlands and Waterbirds.
-Biodiversity Survey of the Wetlands along Nakdong River Basin
-Nakdong River Restoration
-Busan Eco-Center in Nakdong River Estuary, Korea by Atelier Tekuto
-Nakdong Estuary Barrage and Land Reclamation — Ecological Aspects

Geum River Estuary

Location: Gunsan/Seocheon

Coordinates (lat, long): 36.03000, 126.79000

Area: 2185 ha

Date of joining: 1 December 2010

Protection status: Protected Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae

Important species:

Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Anas formosa (Baikal Teal), Anser albifrons (Greater White-fronted Goose), Anser fabalis serrirostris (Tundra Bean Goose)

Yubu-do Tidal Flat

Location: Chungnam/Seocheon

Coordinates (lat, long): 36.00100, 126.61500

Area: 900 ha

Date of joining: 25 August 2011

Protection status: Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA)

Important for Shorebirds

Important species:

Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher), Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover), Charadrius mongolus (Lesser Sand Plover), Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit), Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew), Numenius madagascariensis (Far Eastern Curlew), Calidris alpina (Dunlin), Calidris pygmaea (Spoon-billed Sandpiper)

Yubu-do Tidal Flat Flyway Network Site [EAAF101]  is half way down the west coast of Korea. It is an open tidal flat formed between Gunsan in Jeollabuk-do and Boryeong in Chungcheongnam-do. The tidal flat extends along over 80km of the coastal line and covers 900ha. Yubu-do Tidal Flat is under the jurisdiction and management of Seocheon County Office.

In Yubu-do about about 150,000 individuals of 98 bird species were recorded by the Ministry of Environment. Recently about 500,000 individuals of 69 bird species were observed from March 2008 to March 2009. This site provides important habitat for many threatened and migratory waterbirds, such as Spoon-billed SandpiperFar Eastern Curlew, Bar-tailed Godwit and Eurasian Oystercatcher. Around this area, The main threat to migratory waterbirds is on-going reclamation and other development.


Additional resources:

– Youtube video 2013 Seocheon Tidal Flat with Migratory Waterbirds
 Avifauna at spring season in Yubu-do island, Korea
 Birds common in Seocheon county
 Asian migratory bird sanctuaries may soar as new eco-tourism haven

Chilbado Islet

Location: Shinan County, Jeonnam Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 34.78000, 125.79000

Area: 3.7 ha

Date of joining: 9 November 2011

Protection status: Natural Monument Protection Area, National Park Special Protection Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Shorebirds, and Others

Important species:

Oceanodroma monorhis (Swinhoe’s Storm Petrel)

Chilbaldo Islet [EAAF107] in Shinan-gun of Jeonnam, is over 45km off the coast of south-western Korea. It consists of steep slopes reaching up to 100 m and is around 3.7ha big. Shinan county is in charge of managing this small island.

Chilbaldo Islet serves as an important stopover site for migratory birds: 137 bird species have been recorded here, including four internationally vulnerable species and 17 nationally protected birds. Seabirds, such as Swinhoe’s Storm-petrel, Streaked Shearwater and Ancient Murrelet breed on the islet. Internationally, Chilbaldo is included within the boundary of Shinan Dadohae Biosphere Reserve designated by UNESCO. Currently, no entrance is allowed without permission to protect the seabird breeding colony.


Additional resources:

  • Flickr Album for photographs of Chilbaldo Islet [EAAF107]
  • Site Information Sheet for technical details on the nomination of the site.
  • KMZ files for Google Earth
  • Post related to Chilbaldo Islet :

-First seabird network site ‘Chilbaldo Islet’ to the Flyway Site Network of the Partnership
-Asiavision New Exchange News – KBS 0901-4

Hwaseong Wetlands

Location: Gyeonggi Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 37° 3'58.45"N 126°43'58.22"E

Area: 7,301ha

Date of joining: October 22 2018

Status: Proposed to designate as a wetleand protected area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Black-faced spoonbill, Chinese Egret, Oriental Stork, Hooded Crane and Anatidae

Important species

Haematopus ostralegus (Oyseter Catcher), Squatarola squatarola (Gray Plover), Charadrius mongolus (Mongolian Plover), Numenius madagascariensis (Far Eastern Curlew), Numenius arquata (Indian Curlew), Limnodromus semipalmatus (Bar-tailed Godwit), Calidris tenuirostris (Great Knot), Tringa cinereus (Terek Sandpiper), Tringa nebularia (Common Greenshank), Calidris alpipna (Red-backed Sandpiper), Tringa guttifer (Nordmann's Greenshank)