The Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Summary

  • Number of Flyway Network Sites: 3
  • Member since: 2014

Myanmar became a Partner in 2014 and houses 3 designated sites under the specifications set by EAAFP. A known non-breeding site for the very rare Spoon-billed sandpiper, Myanmar covers quite a large area which includes inland wetlands and coastal habitats.

Map of 3 sites 

Flyway Network Sites

Site Information

EAAF SiteCode Name of Site Site Information Sheet YEAR SIS Updated site photos View in Google Earth
EAAF117 Gulf of Mottama SIS     2014  View
EAAF118 Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary SIS     2014  View
EAAF119 Moeyungyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary SIS    2014  View
EAAF139 Nanthar Island and Mayyu Estuaries SIS 2018
EAAF140 Meinmahla Kyun SIS 2018

Gulf of Mottama

Location: Thaton district of Mon State

Coordinates (lat, long): 17.13000, 97.01000

Area: 195096.0 ha

Date of joining: 2014 December 11

Status: Protected Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Shorebirds and Others

Important species

Calidris pygmaea (Spoon-billed Sandpiper), Tringa guttifer (Spotted Greenshank), Calidris tenuirostris (Great Knot), Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew), Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit), Tringa nebularia (Common Greenshank), Tringa totanus (Common Redshank), Calidris ferruginea (Curlew Sandpiper), Limicola falcinellus (Broad-billed Sandpiper), Tringa guttifer (Spotted Redshank), Calidris ruficollis (Red-necked Stint), Charadrius mongolus (Lesser Sand Plover), Pluvialis fulva (Pacific Golden Plover), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Leptoptilos javanicus (Lesser Adjutant), Mycteria leucocephala (Painted Stork), Threskiornis melanocephalus (Black-headed Ibis)

Gulf of Mottama Flyway Site [EAAF117] covers over 195,000 ha. This bell-shaped site consists of an estuary ecosystem. Gulf of Mottama is one of the most important sites for migratory waterbirds in mainland South-east Asia, supporting  a highly nutritious feeding ground for migratory waterbirds.  About 200,000 migratory waterbirds stay here from October to mid-April. Over 70 waterbird species have been recorded at the site, including six species of duck, 31 species of wader and 16 species of tern or gull. Most important migratory species include the globally threatened Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Spotted Greenshank, Great Knot and Lesser Adjutant Stork. This area is under the management of the State and Regional Government of Myanmar. In is also a Ramsar Site.

The main threat to biodiversity at the site has been bird trapping. This illegal take is believed to be the most acute cause of the dramatic global decline of the Critically Endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper.


Additional resources:

  • Read the Site Information Sheet for technical details on the nomination of the site.
  • Download the KMZ files for Google Earth

Contact Information:

Mr. Win Naing Thaw
Director, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division,
Office No.39, Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry
Nay Pyi Taw, Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Tel : +95 67 405002 Fax : +95 67 405397
E-mail: nwcdfdmof@gmail.com


For related news and other information available on the EAAFP website use the seach: Gulf of Mottama

Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary

Location:  Mohnyin Township in Kachin State

Coordinates (lat, long): 25.17000, 96.27000

Area: 49326.0 ha

Date of joining: 2014 December 15

Status: Wildlife Sanctuary

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species

Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck), Aythya nyroca (Ferruginous Duck), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Grus grus (Common Crane), Grus antigone (Sarus Crane), Leptoptilos javanicus (Lesser Adjutant), Gyps tenuirostris (Slender-billed Vulture), Gyps bangalensis (White-rumped Vulture), Gallinago nemoricola (Wood Snipe), Haliaeetus leucoryphus (Pallas's Fish Eagle), Aceros nipalensis (Rufous-necked Hornbill)

Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary Flyway Site [EAAF118] covers about 50,000ha, half of which is the lake itself. It is also a Ramsar Site. The sanctuary is managed by the Park Warden Office of Myanmar.

The total number of waterbirds in the winter at the site is likely to exceed 20,000 birds including migratory and resident waterbirds. This site provides habitat for several key species, including the globally Vulnerable Sarus Crane. Over six individuals of Sarus Crane can be observed here, which makes it significant on the flyway level.


Additional resources:

  • Photographs of Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Site Information Sheet for technical details on the nomination of the site
  • KMZ files for Google Earth
  • Pages and posts related toIndawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary:
    • Lake Indawgyi: A tourist paradise faces major environmental challenges

Contact Information:

Mr. Win Naing Thaw
Director, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division,
Office No.39, Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry
Nay Pyi Taw, Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Tel : +95 67 405002 Fax : +95 67 405397
E-mail: nwcdfdmof@gmail.com


For related news and other information available on the EAAFP website use the seach:  Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary

Moeyungyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary

Location:   Bago Region

Coordinates (lat, long): 17.32570, 96.36580

Area: 10359.0 ha

Date of joining: 2014 December 15

Status: Wildlife Sanctuary

Other listings: Ramsar

Important for Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species

Anas acuta (Northern Pintail), Aythya baeri (Baer’s Pochard), Antigone antigone (Sarus Crane)

Moeyungyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary [EAAF119] is a shallow rectangular human-made reservoir bounded on three sides by embankments. This wetland is over 10,000 ha. The Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division of the Forest Department has the main authority to manage this site.

This sanctuary gets flooded in the wet season (May-October). Flooding makes it ideal to host over 20,000 migratory waterbirds from October to March. These species include the globally threatened Baer’s Pochard and Sarus Crane, as well as more than 1% of the regional population of Northern Pintail. Survey and monitoring of birds are also carried out at this site. The site becomes progressively drier through the dry season leaving flat areas of mud, grassland and marsh. The local communities use the site for fishing, grazing and there is a small tourist facility for visiting birdwatchers.


Additional resources:

  • Read the Site Information Sheet for technical details on the nomination of the site.
  • Download the KMZ files for Google Earth

Contact Information:

Mr. Win Naing Thaw
Director, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division,
Office No.39, Forest Department, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry
Nay Pyi Taw, Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Tel : +95 67 405002 Fax : +95 67 405397
E-mail: nwcdfdmof@gmail.com


For related news and other information available on the EAAFP website use the seach: Moeyungyi Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary

Nanthar Island and Mayyu Estuaries

Location: Rakhine (formerly Arakan) State

Coordinates (lat, long): 20°14'37.7" N, 92°44'24.7" E

Area: 3,608 ha

Date of joining: June 20 2018

Status: Proposed for designation as Ramsar Site and Protected Area / Community Conservation Area

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Important species

Calidris pygmeus (Spoon-billed Sandpiper), Tringa guttifer (Notdamann’s Greenshank), Calidris tenuirostris (Great Knot), Rhynchops albicollis (Indian Skimmer)

Meinmahla Kyun

Location: Ayeyarwady Region, Pyarpon District, Bogalay Township

Coordinates (lat, long): 15°52'45.21"N, 95°15'35.56"E

Area: approximately 430,000 ha (including water surface area)

Date of joining: June 23 2018

Status: Wildlife sanctuary

Other listings: Ramsar site, ASEAN Heritage Park

Important for Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Nordmann's Greenshank, Great Knot, and Vulnerable Lesser Adjutant Storks

Important species

Threskiornis melanocephalus (Black-headed Ibis), Charadrius mongolus (Lesser Sand Plover), Charadrius leschenaultii (Greater Sand Plover), Tringa guttifer (Notdamann's Greenshank), Larus brunnicephalus (Brown-headed Gull)

Resources

Useful Links:

For pages and posts on the EAAFP site related to Myanmar follow search: Myanmar