Mongolia

Summary

  • Number of Flyway Network Sites: 11
  • Member since: 2011

Mongolia has been a Partner since 2011 and is home to 11 Flyway Network Sites, designated under the specifications set by EAAFP. This landlocked country is home to valuable lake and river wetlands supporting crane and geese among many other breeding birds. A harsh winter climate prompts species to seek better available resources and warmer climate before returning to breed as Mongolia returns to summer.

Map of 11 sites 

Flyway Network Sites

Site Information

 

EAAF SITECODE NAME OF SITE SITE INFORMATION SHEET YEAR SIS UPDATED SITE PHOTOS VIEW IN GOOGLE EARTH
EAAF024 Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area SIS 2016 View View
EAAF040 Ogii Nuur SIS 2016 View View
EAAF041 Terhiyn Tsaggan Nuur SIS 2016 View View
EAAF074 Khurkh-Khuiten Valley SIS 2016 View View
EAAF075 Ugtam Nature Reserve   n/a   View
EAAF114 Dashinchilen Tsagaan wetlands SIS 2014 View View
EAAF126 Buir Lake SIS 2016 View View
EAAF127 Ganga Lake SIS 2016   View
EAAF128 Khar-Us Lake SIS 2016 View View
EAAF129 Khyargas-Airag Lake SIS 2016 View View
EAAF130 Uvs Lake SIS 2016   View

Mongol Daguur Strictly Protected Area

Location: North-Eastern Mongolia

Coordinates (lat, long): 49.70000, 115.10000

Area: 18,500 ha

Date of joining: 7 March 1997

Protection status: International Reserve

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

Important for Cranes, Anatidae, Shorebirds and Others

Important species:

Anthropoides virgo (Demoiselle Crane), Grus monacha (Hooded Crane), Antigone vipio (White-naped Crane), Grus grus (Eurasian Crane), Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose), Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane), Limnodromus semipalmatus (Asian Dowitcher), Larus relictus (Relict Gull), Mareca falcata (Falcated Duck), Anser anser (Greylag Goose), Anser fabalis (Bean Goose), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Anas poecilorhyncha (Spot-billed Duck), Anas crecca (Common Teal), Sibirionetta formosa (Baikal Teal), Mareca strepera (Gadwall), Anas penelope (Eurasian Wigeon), Anas acuta (Northern Pintail ), Anas clypeata (Northern Shoveler), Aythya ferina (Common Pochard), Fulica atra (Common Coot), Larus ridibundus (Black-headed Gull), Larus cachinnans (Caspian Gull), Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover), Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover), Tringa ochropus (Green Sandpiper), Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew)

Ogii Nuur

Location: Arkhangai Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 47.76670, 102.76670

Area: 2,510 ha

Date of joining: 14 May 1999

Protection status: Strictly Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes

Important species:

Anser cygnoides (Swan Goose), Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swan), Anser cygnoides (Swan Goose), Anser anser (Greylag Goose), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Anas penelope (Eurasian Wigeon), Anas crecca (Common Teal), Anas falcata (Falcated Duck), Anas acuta (Northern Pintail), Anas querquedula (Garganey), Anas clypeata (Northern Shoveler), Aythya ferina (Common Pochard), Anser indicus (Bar-headed Goose), Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Anas strepera (Gadwall), Netta rufina (Red-crested Pochard), Aythya fuligula (Tufted Duck), Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye), Mergus albellus (Smew), Grus virgo (Demoiselle Crane), Grus grus (Eurasian Crane)

Terkhiin Tsaggan Nuur

Location: Arkhangai Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 48.16670, 99.71670

Area: 6,110 ha

Date of joining: 14 May 1999

Protection status: National Park

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae

Important species:

Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swan), Anser indicus (Bar-headed Goose), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Mergus serrator (Red-breasted Merganser), Mergus merganser (Goosander), Anser anser (Greylag Goose), Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant), Aythya ferina (Common Pochard)

Khurkh-Khuiten Valley

Location: Khentii province

Coordinates (lat, long): 48.00000, 111.00000

Area: 20,500 ha

Date of joining: 21 July 2003

Protection status: Strictly Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Anatidae, Cranes

Important species:

Grus virgo (Demoiselle Crane), Grus grus (Eurasian Crane), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose), Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swan), Anser fabalis (Bean Goose)

Ugtam Nature Reserve

Location: Dornod Province

Coordinates (lat, long): 49.50000, 113.83333

Area: 46,160 ha

Date of joining: 21 July 2003

Protection status: Nature Reserve

Other listings: Important Bird and Biodiversity Area

Important for Cranes

Important species:
Grus virgo (Demoiselle Crane), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane)

Dashinchilen Tsagaan Wetlands

Location: Dashinchilen Tsagaan Nuur Complex

Coordinates (lat, long): 47.51000, 104.18000

Area: 2,840 ha

Date of joining: 7 November 2014

Protection status: Strictly Protected Area

Other listings: Ramsar Site, Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, World Heritage

Important for Shorebirds, Anatidae, Cranes, and Others

Important species:

Tringa erythropus (Spotted Redshank), Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit), Pluvialis fulva (Pacific Golden Plover), Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet)
Anser cygnoides (Swan Goose), Anas crecca (Common Teal), Grus vipio (White-naped Crane)


Dashinchilen Tsagaan Wetlands Flyway Network Site [EAAF114] is located in central Mongolia. An area of 2,840 ha, it comprises a complex of spring-fed lakes of variable depth and salinity, and marshes with reed and sedge habitat, in a near-flat valley with no outward-draining river.

The site provides stop-over habitat during migration for a rich diversity of waterbird species from many families as well as breeding habitat for resident waterbirds. Important species include cranes, such as White-naped Crane, Anatidae, such as Swan Goose and shorebirds.

The site is under the jurisdiction of Bayan Nuur and Dashinchilen sums of Bulgan Province and managed by Local Government Bayan Nuur sum in collaboration with Mongolian Ornithological Society.

Threats to the site include overgrazing by domestic animals, disturbance (including unregulated birding tourism), fire and drought.

Additional resources:

– Building capacity for shorebird research and conservation in Mongolia – the 2012 workshop and expedition

– Birding Mongolia

Buir Lake

Location: eastern Mongolia, bordering with China

Coordinates (lat, long): 47.00000, 117.00000

Area: 117,100 ha

Date of joining:

Status: Mongol-Daguur eco-region

Other listings: Ramsar

Important for Anatidae

Important species

Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose), Aythya ferina (Common Pochard), Antigone vipio (White-naped Crane), Mareca falcata (Falcated Duck), Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit), Limnodromus semipalmatus (Asian Dowitcher), Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck)
Pluvialis fulva (Pacific Golden-Plover), Podiceps cristatus (Great Crested Grebe), Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill), Netta rufina (Red-crested Pochard), Anas crecca (Common Teal), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover)

Ganga Lake

Location: 12 km from Dariganga sum (county) of the Sukhbaatar aimag (province) in eastern Mongolia

Coordinates (lat, long): 45.00000, 113.00000

Area: 69,300 ha

Date of joining:

Status:

Other listings:

Important for Anatidae

Important species

Antigone vipio (White-naped Crane)
Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose)
Otis tarda (Great Bustard)
Cygnus cygnus (Whooper Swans)
Limnodromus semipalmatus (Asian Dowitcher)
Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck)

Khar-Us Lake

Location: 20 km east of Khovd town

Coordinates (lat, long): 48.00000, 92.00000

Area: 438,700 ha

Date of joining:

Status: National Park

Other listings:

Important for Anatidae

Important species

Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican)
Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose)
Aythya ferina (Common Pochard)
Oxyura leucocephala (White-headed Duck)
Mareca falcata (Falcated Duck)
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)
Netta rufina (Red-crested Pochard)
Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck)
Mareca strepera (Gadwall)

Khyargas-Airag Lake

Location: desert steppe zone of the Khyargas Lake Depression in the west

Coordinates (lat, long): Khyargas-49.11264, 93.19241 / Airag-48.53500, 93.26293

Area: 321,000 ha

Date of joining:

Status:

Other listings:

Important for Anatidae

Important species

Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose), Pelecanus crispus (Dalmatian Pelican), Aythya farina (Common Pochard), Larus relictus (Relict Gull), Mareca falcate (Falcated Duck), Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant), Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill), Cygnus Cygnus (Whooper Swan), Tadorna ferruginea (Ruddy Shelduck), Anser anser (Greylag Goose), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Mareca strepera (Gadwall)

Uvs Lake

Location: the Great Lakes Depression

Coordinates (lat, long): 50.00000, 92.00000

Area: 541,800 ha

Date of joining:

Status:

Other listings:

Important for Anatidae

Important species

Anser cygnoid (Swan Goose)
Larus relictus (Relict Gull)
Anas falcata (Falcated Duck)
Oxyura leucocephala (White-headed Duck)
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)
Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill)
Larus mongolicus (Mongolian Gull)