• Planned reclamation opposed

    Posted on: February 9, 2014 Author: Charissa Luci Report by Manila Bulletin   Senator Cynthia Villar continued to oppose the planned reclamation of the Las Piñas–Parañaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area. In joining the celebration of the “World Wetlands Day,” she batted for the conservation of the area, included in the Ramsar List of Wetlands […]

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  • Making The Welcome Warmer

    Posted on: January 22, 2014 Author: Amorn Liukeeratiyutkul, Gawin Chutima & Philip D. Round Report by Bangkok Post   Greater efforts will be needed, both at home and abroad, to prevent the extinction of a plucky little bird which breeds in Russia and then makes a marathon annual migration to Southeast Asia   Does it […]

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  • WWT: Spoon-billed sandpipers arrival at Heathrow

    A quick compilation of footage of the arrival of the spoon-billed sandpipers at the City of London Corporation’s Animal Reception Centre at Heathrow Airport and on to WWT’s headquarters at Slimbridge.  

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  • 国际禽流感与野鸟工作小组的声明

    国际禽流感与野鸟工作小组对 「韩国家禽养殖场及野鸟发生 H5N8 高致病性禽流感」所发出的声明 2014 年 1 月 重点讯息: 1. 大部分高致病性禽流感(HPAI) 的暴发,均与家禽养殖场系统及其有紧密关系的 “价值链”(相关服务或活动)[1]  有关。 2. 近日韩国的家禽养殖场出现 H5N8 高致病性禽流感病毒,并导致家禽及野鸟死亡个案发生。 3. 疫情除了影响家禽养殖业,亦可能导致大量野鸟死亡, 当中最值得留意是有花脸鸭[2]集体死亡。 4. 目前并没有证据显示野鸟是此病毒的来源,它们应只被视为受害者,而非病毒携带者。 5. 由联合国环境署/迁徙物种公约(UNEP/CMS)[3]  与联合国粮食及农业组织(FAO)[4]联合召集的国际禽流感与野鸟工作小组(以下简称: 禽流感工作小组)[5]促请各政府部门及机构: a. 进行全面的流行病学评估以确定病毒的真正来源,与及家禽跟野鸟之间的病毒传播机制; b. 无论感染来源如何,应先专注处理受影响的家禽养殖场的疾病防控工作,以尽量减低疾病蔓延至其他家禽养殖场及/或野生动物的风险; c. 确保受影响的家禽养殖场与邻近地方实施生物防护[6],以防止野生动物与养殖家禽接触;和 d. 需留意若公众注意力集中在野鸟身上,会令原本应集中用来处理疾病防控工作的力量错误地被分散,并将会对野鸟保护工作产生负面影响, 及导致生物多样性的受损。 当前情况: 据韩国相关报道,当地首个H5N8高致病性禽流感暴发于2014年1月16日,位于韩国全罗北道高敞郡[7],距首尔东南面300公里的养鸭场内。之后又有数个野鸟死于H5N8的个案报道。至今已有大量花脸鸭  (Anas formosa)及少量豆雁  (Anser fabilis) [8]死亡,当中部分尸体对H5N8病毒测试呈阳性反应。最少在17个家禽养殖场验出H5N8病毒,另外有大量怀疑案例正进行检测中。 超过640,000只家禽已被宰杀,之后将会有更多养殖家禽开始被销毁,数目估计超过数十万,甚至数百万。 病毒源于何处? 直至现时为止,全球众多野鸟监察小组仍未发现过 H5N8 禽流感病毒存在于野鸟中。研究人员正尝试找出引起是次禽流感暴发的病毒来源。部分人士猜测此病毒是由野鸟散播,但这言论至今仍没有任何流行病学证据支持。虽然有个案显示病毒导致野生豆雁及花脸鸭死亡, 但因花脸鸭偏好混于数目由数万至数十万只野鸟组成的群落中栖息, 故此若花脸鸭是病毒来源的话,病毒理应早于这个冬季已在野鸟群中传播, 并导致更多的死亡个案发生。另外要留意的是花脸鸭早于 2013 年秋季已飞抵韩国,可是在家禽养殖场疫症暴发之前却并没有任何疫症发生的迹象。相对于在家禽养殖场及相应经济“价值链”内的养殖禽鸟,高致病性禽流感病毒极少在野鸟身上被验出。家禽养殖场及其经济“价值链”上的作业相信是让低致病性病毒有机会发生基因突变、然后演化成高致病性病毒,并导致病毒迅速扩散的温床。 无论是已受影响的家禽养殖场场内,还是养殖场之间一切有关家禽、禽鸟产品、从业员及用具的往来运输,与及场内的废料向周边环境外泄,均会促使病毒扩散并感染其他家禽及野鸟。 应采取什么行动? […]

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  • Scientific Task Force on Avian Influenza and Wild Birds statement

    Scientific Task Force on Avian Influenza and Wild Birds statement on:  H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in poultry and wild birds in Republic of Korea     January 2014   KEY MESSAGES Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks are most frequently associated with domestic poultry production systems and value chains. H5N8 HPAI virus has recently emerged in […]

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  • 野生迁徙水鸟同样是禽流感的受害者,而不是元凶

     由于本周在韩国全罗北道爆发的新一轮禽流感重创了当地养鸭场,有关迁徙水鸟是禽流感传播元凶的相关猜测和误导信息再次传播开来。温和型禽流感,即所谓的低致病性禽流感(Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza, LPAI)多发于野禽和家禽中,并不具备致病性。然而,高致病性禽流感(High Pathogenic Avian Influenza, HPAI),如在全罗北道报道中的H5N8型禽流感,则多发生于异常密闭条件下、高密度养殖的家禽中(如鸡和鸭等)。该H5N8型禽流感在此之前并未有过发生于野生禽鸟中的报道。关于H5N8型高致病性禽流感是源于野生候鸟群的说法并未得到过相关的证实。  为了控制高致病性禽流感的爆发,受感染的农场被要求采取有效的生物安保措施。 根据联合国粮食及农业组织(FAO)和世界动物卫生组织(OIE)的相关国际公认准则,所有与受感染区域流入和流出水源的接触将被禁止,同时活禽、死禽、禽制品、禽饲料、药物和农场设备设施的转移,以及进出农场的运输都将被严格的限制和控制。此外,按照这些国际准则,进出农场人员的流动需要严格的控制和监测。在未受感染的农场周围亦须遵守这些国际准则的相关条例,尤其是注意避免与潜在的受污染水体的接触。  高致病性禽流感有可能会从受感染的家禽农场向更广泛的环境中传播,包括野生禽鸟所使用的水体。因此,野生禽鸟有可能从受污染水体中携带致病病毒并将其传播到周围水体当中。大部分感染病毒的野生禽鸟将会很快死亡。目前,所有的证据都表明受感染的迁徙候鸟在传播高致病性禽流感的过程中,作用非常小,尤其是与禽类和禽制品交易、鸟市交易以及人员流动在禽流感传播中的作用相比时,显得更微不足道。  在韩国过冬的花脸鸭候鸟群为当地居民以及游客提供了盛大壮丽、难忘的景象。三个月前它们从俄罗斯飞过来,如果它们携带某种高致病性病毒,肯定不会幸存至最近H5N8型高致病性禽流感第一次从养鸭场爆发那时。韩国环境部门有责任保护那些在韩国境内过冬的候鸟类。在禽类养殖场遵守有关生物安保的国际准则,不仅有助于避免对禽类养殖业的进一步损害,还能避免花脸鸭及其他野生禽鸟感染高致病性禽流感。 联合国粮食及农业组织(FAO)国际生物安保: http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/i0359e/i0359e00.htm 关于东亚–澳大利西亚迁飞区伙伴关系(the East-Asian Australasian Flyway Partnership, EAAFP)  该伙伴关系,作为II类动议被纳入世界可持续发展首脑会议名录,是一个非正式和自愿性的动议,旨在保护迁飞区内迁徙水鸟及其栖息地,以及依赖这些栖息地生存的当地民生。目前该伙伴关系拥有30个合作伙伴,包括15个国家政府,4个政府间组织,10个国际非政府组织,以及1个国际商业组织。更多信息请访问我们的主页:www.eaaflyway.net      

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  • Wild Migratory Waterbirds are the Victims of Bird Flu, not the Cause

    As a new bird flu outbreak hits domestic duck farms in North Jeolla province in Korea this week, we are hearing the usual speculation and misinformation about the role of migratory waterbirds in the transmission of the disease. Mild, so-called Low Pathogenic, strains of avian influenza (LPAI) occur naturally in populations of wild and domestic […]

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  • The mystery of why so many birds fly in a V formation may have been solved

    Posted on: January 16, 2014 Author: Victoria Gill Report by BBC NEWS   Scientists from the Royal Veterinary College fitted data loggers to a flock of rare birds that were being trained to migrate by following a microlight. This revealed that the birds flew in the optimal position – gaining lift from the bird in […]

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  • EAAF Migratory Shorebird Stakeholder Workshop held in Hong Kong

    December 2013 A three-day EAAF Migratory Shorebird Stakeholder Workshop was hosted by WWF-Hong Kong in early December 2013. Its aim was to focus international attention on the ecological crisis facing migratory shorebird populations along the flyway and to develop a flyway-wide Migratory Shorebird Conservation Plan. The workshop brought together 23 key stakeholders including two Government […]

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  • Introducing the improved EAAFP website

    With a busy team of interns, the EAAFP Secretariat is at work developing a better set of web resources. The improved website will continue to be a hub of information to find updates and information on all the key species, Working Groups (species expert groups) and Task Forces (conservation activities), the Flyway Site Network – […]

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