The Flyway Site Network not only identifies and includes sites of international importance for migratory waterbirds to promote improved protection and management, but also aims to link those sites through sharing information and capacity building.
The EAAFP Sister Site Program brings together Flyway Network sites in different countries that share species to encourage increased awareness of their shared migratory waterbirds and link sites through collaborative activities to promote the conservation of these birds. It is designed to offer a better chance to be engaged with other sites in the Flyway Site Network to conduct collaborative research and monitoring on shared species and exchange information and experience, which is critical for site managers and decision makers to reinforce conservation action. Capacity building is an important element of sister site relationships and exchange visits can help site managers learn new and innovative approaches to different aspects of site management, from visitor centre development to participatory wetland management techniques.
The EAAFP encourages further cooperation between existing or potential Network sites. The present list may not include all the arrangements and diverse activities in place along the Flyway. Please contactof the Secretariat if you would like to provide further information.
Table 1. Existing sister site arrangements and other collaborative activities involving Network sites in the East Asian – Australasian Flyway
|Country||City or Management Authority||Site Name||Site Name||City or Management Authority||Country|
|1||China, People’s Republic||Dandong City||Yalujiang National Nature Reserve||Firth of Thames||Pukorokoro Miranda Naturalist Trust||New Zealand|
|2||Korea, Republic of||Changwon City||Junam Reservoir||Kejo-numa||Osaki City, Miyagi Prefecture||Japan|
|3||China, People’s Republic||Qiqihar City||Zhalong National Nature Reserve||Janghang Wetland Protected area||Goyang City||Korea, Republic of|
|4||Australia||Brisbane City||Moreton Bay, Boondall wetlands||Yatsu-higata||Narashino City Chiba prefecture||Japan|
|5||Australia||Newcastle City||Hunter River Estuary Wetlands||Kushiro Wetland||
|6||Korea, Republic of||Suncheon City||Suncheon Bay||Arasaki||
|7||Japan||Nagoya City||Fujimae Tidal Flat||Swan Bay Tidal Flats||Greater Geelong City||Australia|
|8||South Korea||Seocheon County||Yubudo Tidal Flat||Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve||National Parks Board of Singapore||Singapore|
* The site is not included in the Flyway Site Network
1. Yalujiang National Nature Reserve & Firth of Thames
In 2004 Pukorokoro Miranda Naturalist Trust (PMNT) signed a memorandum of understanding which established a sister-site partnership with the Yalujiang National Nature Reserve (NNR). Since then, various programs including surveys, training of staff, speaking to local schools and public awareness have been conducted in Yalujiang NNR as a cooperative program to conserve species common to the two sites.
Major focus: Shorebird
2. Junam Reservoir & Kejo-numa
Between Changwon city and Osaki city, a memorandum of understanding was signed to conserve wetlands and promote international cooperation in Osaki city in 2009. Both Kejo-numa and Junam Reservoir comprise a system of water storage wetland and rice paddy fields. A workshop to promote cooperation between Junam Reservoir and Kabukuri numa was held in November 2009 in Changwon.
Major focus: Anatidae (Greater White-fronted Goose, Thick-billed Bean Goose, Baikal Teal)
3. Zhalong National Nature Reserve & Janghang Wetland Protected area
Qiqihar city and Goyang city have signed a memorandum of understanding to promote international cooperation between Zhalong National Nature Reserve and Janghang Wetland Protected area with support from UNDP/GEF Korea Wetland Project.
Major focus: Crane (White-naped Crane)
4. Moreton Bay, Boondall wetlands & Yatsu-higata
Narashino City and the Brisbane City Council have agreed on the First Five-year plan (1998 – 2003) and also the Second Five-Year Plan (2004 – 2009) for the Wetlands Affiliation Agreement. These plans support conservation initiatives along the East Asian – Australasian Flyway, exchange of information in relation to wetland conservation and the protection of migratory shorebirds in both cities, and training persons involved in wetland conservation.
In addition, the Memorandum of Understanding on Education Cooperation (2003 – 2006) was agreed, to exchange information, conduct training, increase awareness in education and encourage visitors to their local communities following the successful 2002 trial exchange (Oct. 22, 2003).
Major focus: Shorebird
5. Kushiro area & Hunter River Estuary Wetlands
Wetlands in the Kushiro area (Kushiro-shitsugen, Akkeshi-ko and Bekanbeushi-shitsugen, and Kiritappu-shitsugen) formed a sister-wetland affiliation with Kooragang Wetland and the surrounding wetlands in the Hunter region, New South Wales, South-eastern Australia, in November 1994. (Since the 2004 renewal of sister wetland affiliation agreements, its name was changed to the Hunter River Estuary Wetlands.) The sister-wetland affiliation aims to promote conservation and wise use of wetlands and exchange techniques and knowledge of wetland conservation.
Major focus: Shorebird (Latham’s Snipe)
6. Suncheon Bay – Izumi crane migration grounds*
In 2009, Suncheon City, Korea, and Izumi City, Japan, agreed to cooperate for conserving Hooded Cranes and management of their habitats. Suncheon and Izumi will exchange information regarding the internationally important sites for Cranes and promote activities through international networks and improve environmental policies. In addition, the cities will collaborate for developing eco-tourism and international events based on the agreement.
Major focus: Hooded Crane
7. Fujimae Tidal Flat – Swan Bay Tidal Flats
On May 22, 2007, a wetland affiliation was signed between Nagoya City, Japan, and Geelong City, Australia. Nagoya manages the Fujimae Tidal Flat and Geelong manages the Swan Bay Tidal Flats.
The website with live webcams on both sites is one of a number of actions to come from a joint wetlands agreement between the City of Nagoya and the City of Greater Geelong. A web camera in each location will relay live coverage of the wetlands allowing people to watch in real time the summer and winter habitats of birds that migrate between Geelong and Nagoya. The wetlands website can be accessed at www.geelongaustralia.com.au/wetlands
Major focus: Shorebird
8. Yubudo Tidal Flat –Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve
On 20th September 2012, Seocheon County, South Korea and the National Parks Board of Singapore signed a Memorandum of Understanding between Yubudo Tidal Flat and SungeiBuloh Wetland Reserve. Both are Network sites of EAAFP. The authorities agree to collaborate in joint research on migratory shorebirds and sharing knowledge and expertise on the wetland habitat conservation and management. This will promote better understanding of habitat management for the shared species as sister sites under the East Asian – Australasian Flyway.
Major focus: Shorebird